Iraq has been in a state of political conflict and economic despair for decades, resulting from years of invasions, political unrest, war, and ethnic rivalries. Because of the conflict, millions have fled Iraq. There was a massive wave of Kurdish refugees who fled Iraq and founded Kurdistan, under the mandate of the UN in 1991, which was officially recognized by Iraq in 2005. Another ethnic minority, the Yazidi people, have been systematically discriminated against by the Iraqi state. However, their situation has become extremely dire to the deliberate ethnic targeting of Yazidi women by Daesh. After the second Gulf War, U.S. action in Iraq decimated an already devastated country, and set up brutal and inhumane prisons, while also stripping every member of the Iraqi armed forces of their position. This action, coupled with anti-Western ideology, poverty, and desperation set the stage for the rise of terrorist organizations, specifically Al Qaeda in Iraq, and later on, Daesh (ISIS). Currently, millions have, and are still, fleeing Iraq due to attacks from the terrorist group Daesh. Within Iraq, nearly 2 million people are internally displaced and approximately 11 million require dire humanitarian aid. Outside of Iraq, nearly 400,000 people have fled their country. Similarly to the other refugee crises, once these asylum-seekers have fled and sought solace in another country, their struggles are far from over. Due to the devastating nature of the current global refugee crisis, refugee camps are far too unprepared and under-resourced to adequately aid these refugees. This has led to situations where refugee camps have become unlivable, lacking clean water, food, safety, and body security.